This was the case 14 in which the Supreme Court upheld the display of a government owned crèche, ruling that the city of Pawtucket, Rhode Island, had a secular purpose with its nativity display, that it had not advanced religion, and that the display had not created an excessive entanglement between religion and government thus satisfying all three prongs of the Court’s “Lemon Test.”
What was the basis for this decision? PRE-1947: 16; POST-1947: 118. Wallace v. Jaffree, 1985
This was the case 15 in which the Court struck down Alabama’s statute authorizing a one-minute period of silence in schools. What precedents caused the Court to rule that a period for silent prayer by students was unconstitutional? PRE-1947: 25; POST-1947: 197. Edwards v. Aguillard, 1987
The issue in this case 16 was a Louisiana statute mandating a so-called “balanced-treatment” in science instruction. The State law forbid “the teaching of the theory of evolution unless accompanied by instruction in the theory of ‘creation science.’ ” 17 The Court ruled the law violated the
“Lemon Test” and therefore declared it unconstitutional. On which First Amendment precedents? PRE-1947: 13; POST-1947: 114. Allegheny v. ACLU, 1989
Here the Court struck down “stand-alone” crèches displayed in public buildings. 18 On what basis? PRE-1947: 0; POST-1947: 126. Westside v. Mergens, 1990
In this case, 19 the Court upheld the 1984 federal law which provided “Equal Access” to public school buildings for both religious and nonreligious groups. 20 Since Westside High School had allowed nonreligious clubs e.g, Chess, Journalism, Scuba, etc., the Court ruled that the school must also allow Christian clubs “equal access.” On what precedents was this decision based? PRE-1947: 0; POST-1947: 69. Lee v. Weisman, 1992
This was the case 21 in which the Court forbade clerical invocations and benedictions at student graduation ceremonies. From what sources did the Court derive its justification? PRE-1947: 16; POST-1947: 112.